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Detailed Explanation about Water, except the H’s and the O’s

Why do we take clean water for granted knowing that it is quite possibly our most precious resource? We tend to do this because the general thought is we should have some kind of technology available that can fix almost anything.

As it turns out our technology is only as capable as the committee which puts it all together. Look at what BP is going through in the Gulf oil spill trying to cap that pipe off. Fortunately for us water is actually pretty good at cleaning itself up over time without a lot of input from the ones who polluted it in the first place.

water explained in detail

Everything About Water

Water is literally the source of life here on earth and it has been around longer than pretty much every living thing. The fact that water tends to survive disasters like the oil spill in the gulf without becoming permanently fouled up is quite amazing.

Water does a great job of bewitching things we put into it but the earth eventually filters out the bad things over time. Of course there are some really nasty chemicals that could poison the water permanently but fortunately most of us will never have to deal with this type of water spot directly.

Even radiation would eventually dissipate from a water supply of course we may not live to survey the half lives of this radiation decay to the point we could use the water again but by then we would be gone anyhow.

Most people know enough about water to not drown in it even though drowning in just a few tablespoons of the stuff is a real possibility. I have studied water for over twenty years as a Water Treatment Equipment Installer, Field Service Specialist, a homeowner and as a consumer and there is a lot more going on behind that water tap in your kitchen than meets the observe!

When good elegant water arrives at your drinking glass or in your shower there is no substitute in the universe that matches the taste and feel of it. But when the water is even a little bit funky then you are sure to notice it almost immediately.

There are so many possibilities of what may be in your water that the list seems to be growing daily. The most typical few are organic and mineral most of which can be removed with very simple and reliable water treatment equipment.

One thing is determined there is typically nothing more harmful to humans over time than the chlorine which is put into the city water that is being pumped into our homes.

You could be fortunate enough to have some control over the water supply that you spend by having your very own water well where you get to maintain the treatment equipment on your own water system.

So what is in the water we drink? Many people on city water know the taste of chlorine as a good thing and eventually you become used to it. One rationale we use to convince ourselves that it is okay is that the chlorine is helping to keep germs and other nasty things in the water from making us sick.

This is pretty wise except that the mounting evidence that chlorine can actually cause some pretty serious health issues as well.

If you are concerned with the taste and long term effects of chlorine you can invest in a simple carbon cartridge filter which will make the water taste fresh and clean since it will seize almost every trace of the chlorine that was attach there in the first place.

These filters are simple to install and are inexpensive to own and operate.

city water image

City Water

City water is treated chemically and filtered extensively to guarantee a high quality product which is reproducible day in and day out. This is superior since we are creatures of habit and any small change in our water can be noticed instantly.

City water can contain high levels of calcium and magnesium which are called “hardness” and can be treated on city water or well water using a water softener system.

So what is going on with the water at that camp site that you love to visit? It could be the taste and it may be the smell but one thing I know is that there is no way it can taste too nice after it makes its way to your lips via a hundred foot garden hose that sits in the hot sun every day of the camping season.

This is why people tend to bring in jugs of clean water or more recently opt for bottled water even when they are “roughing it” at the campgrounds.

Problem water can have a bad taste smell or even strange colors with each type spot coming from a specific source either in the water itself or in the supply. Color can come from organic materials like tannins or can be due to improper pH causing corrosion of your piping.

Bad smells can be a problem with harmless things like iron bacteria growing in your well or even from malfunctioning water conditioning equipment. Peculiar tastes can be tied to the water supply itself if it is lake water and there is an algae bloom then you will taste the after effects of this bloom and possibly even the treatment methods as well.

well water purity safe

Well Water

Well water can have the same problems as city water plus a few others that are positive to bring comments from guests who are in from the city. Most of the well water here in Northeastern Ohio will contain some level of Iron which can be either soluble or insoluble.

Soluble iron can be captured in a softener and rejected help out when the salt flushes the system periodically. Insoluble iron can be filtered out on a disposable cartridge or captured onto a filtering media with a backwashing cycle built in to remove the solid iron material on a timed or metered basis.

Iron in your water is really hard to treat if you are unfortunate enough to have both types in your water at the same time. There are some amazing systems on the market for treating both types but the cost can be astoundingly high plus there will be some chemical and or salt required for keeping the system clean.

If you have iron in your well water then you can usually expect to have a nasty thing called iron bacteria. This can cause your well water to have that classic inferior egg smell. This smell is caused by the harmless bacteria that are in your water consuming minute quantities of the iron that is also in your water. When they eat they excrete and these excretions usually smell like sulfur.

If you are concerned with what is really in your water then you can have a water treatment equipment dealer test your water for a crude fee and many will even do this testing for free.

If you are on city water and are unhappy with the water quality then by all means complain to your provider and ask them to show you how their water is treated and find our why things seem to change seasonally. After all you are paying for the product so it really should be to your liking.

Bottom line on the smelly outrageous tasting water situation is that there are plenty of reliable ways to fix almost any problem water and if you are lucky it will not cost more than a used car to come by your water problem fixed.

Welcome to KitchenReviews, live an organic life!

These days the modern world has become full of chemical pollutants, and other toxic waste. Despite our “modern” society, we beat on this criteria by countries like India and Nepal, although they don’t have the same technology that we do their eating is healthier, their diets and thus they live longer healthier lives. But it is not entirely your fault. So here at KitchenReviews we aim to reveal how you can once again return to your organic healthy lifestyle.

We will mainly cover food and kitchen related topics, why kitchen you ask? because what you surround yourself with is what you become. Fact. Therefore make your kitchen decorative and make your food healthy, don’t buy any of that canned stuff. Go straight for the home grown and fresh fruits and vegetables.

The health benefits of this have been proving time and again, as of 2017, there are more than a 100 studies showing exactly how healthy it is to eat your own garden grown produce as opposed to buying genetically modified chemically sprayed food from a supermarket.

Welcome to KitchenReviews

I know it can be hard to do everything for yourself, but once you develop a system of grown, cultivating, cleaning, cutting and cooking your own food from scratch, you will never have to rely on a supermarket again. Once you do this you will start to see your energy levels rise and your general health and emotions to improve. We have seen this pattern almost every time from anyone who made the switch from supermarket to home grown.

Also equally important is to have a very clean and tidy kitchen with the latest appliances because this in itself will give you a therapeutical benefit where you will be able to think better. Having a clean kitchen with the correct equipment is absolutely vital to living a healthy life.

Scientists have proven that persons work environment can drastically affect their overall health. People who live in a bad work environment will always suffer from tardiness and lack of motivation, whereas if your kitchen has the latest knife set and top notch toaster you will feel motivated to cook. This will translate into all areas of your life. Trust me when I say, no one spends more time in any room of the house than the kitchen, and the bathroom if you have diarrhea 😉 but that is the point.

Let me ask you this… how many times have you woken up at night and decided to have a little midnight “snack”… yep, you’re not alone this phenomena is common all over the western world. It’s because our dinner is so nonnutritious that we almost never feel full from our normal meals, and are constantly forced to eat more and more junk to quench the empty feeling.

Now imagine that you cooked your own dinner, you dug the ground and planted a tomato seed, waited, for the 2 weeks (some plants can grow and bear fruit that fast). Picked them, took them inside to your clean organized kitchen, where you had a tomato crusher easily accessible right in front of you, and within minutes you made your own homemade tomato puree. Not a bad image is it? Compared to buying some who-knows-what-is-in-this-can supposed “tomato sauce”. Well, we hope you reach a point where you are fully self-sustainable.

Best Coq Au Vin Recipe & What to serve with it

Have you thought about making coq au vin, the classic French chicken and wine stew? Has every recipe you have come across been complicated and taken several steps to prepare?

This one should be much easier to make, and much of the cooking takes place in a slow cooker, so you can set it and forget it.

Best Coq Au Vin Recipe

coq au vin recipe ingredients


  • 8 skinless chicken thighs*
  • 4 slices of bacon, diced
  • 12 ounces (.34 kg) of white or crimini mushrooms (criminis have more flavour), cleaned and quartered
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 medium-sized cloves of garlic, chopped
  • 2 carrots, chopped
  • 1-3 Tbsp butter or olive oil
  • 3 Tbsp flour
  • Salt and pepper
  • 120 ml chicken stock or broth
  • 355 ml red wine**
  • 2 sprigs of thyme (or 1 tsp dried)


Spread the chicken out on a tray covered by wax paper or parchment paper forcoq au vin. Season the pieces liberally with the salt and pepper, making sure to coat all sides. Sprinkle with the flour and set to the side.

best coq au vin recipe

Heat a large skillet over medium heat and add the bacon. Cook gently and stir often until the bacon is crispy and thoroughly cooked. Remove the bacon with a slotted spoon and drain on paper towels.

If there are not enough bacon drippings to make 2 Tbsp, add oil or butter as needed and raise the temperature to medium high. Add the chicken thighs and brown lightly all over, turning as needed, approximately 3 minutes on each side. When done, remove the chicken, put on a platter or plate, and set aside to make coq au vin better.

If you need additional fat to have 1 Tbsp worth, melt a pat of butter or add some oil to the skillet. Add the mushroom quarters and cook them until they slightly brown in colour, approximately 5 minutes.coq au vin serve with wine

Add the onions, garlic, and carrots to the skillet and sprinkle with salt. Cook the vegetables until they start to soften.

Add the vegetables to the vessel of a slow cooker, then add the chicken back in and pour the broth and wine over the top. Top with the bacon*** and thyme.

Set the slow cooker on low and cook for 6 or 7 hours. Add salt and pepper to taste, and serve hot over noodles.

Serves 4.

Now you can impress your friends and family with a classic French meal that took minimal effort to prepare. Plus, it tastes really good. Bon appetit!


*The choice is yours if you want to use boneless or bone in chicken. Deboned thighs are much easier to serve and eat at the end of the day, but bone in thighs will allow all of the flavour from the bones to stay in the meal.

**If you wouldn’t drink it, don’t cook with it. It’s alright to use the leftovers from a couple of bottles of wine, but avoid cooking wine. Cooking wine is inexpensive and has a very vinegary taste

***It’s not traditional, but you can hold off on adding the bacon until you are ready to serve if you want it to be crispy, or you can cook some additional slices right before serving. That will enable you to have the smoky flavour while cooking and still enjoy some crispy bacon with dinner.

How to Use Waffle Maker

Let’s say you wake up on a weekend day and decide you want to have a special breakfast for you, or maybe even your family. You get out your old familiar box of pancake mix and realize you want something a little fancier, so you get out your grandmother’s waffle iron.

Now you can have a special breakfast and everyone gets to pick out their favourite toppings. But have you ever wondered what else you can do with a waffle iron?

Keep reading – we’ll tell you more.

How to Use Waffle Maker

Modern waffle irons cost about $20-$30 to start and can go up to $100 or more. They typically come with a non-stick coating on the inside which makes them easier to clean. It also means that food cooked in them is lower in fat.

How to use Waffle Maker

Summary of how to use Waffle Maker

  • Get your batter ready to cook.
  • Heat by starting the Waffle Maker.
  • Don’t scratch the nonstick surface.
  • Grease the waffle iron.
  • Pour in the batter.
  • Wait until the waffle is finished cooking.
  • Carefully open up the clam shell and inspect the waffle.
  • Time to clean-up!
  • Finished.

History of the waffle iron

Waffle irons started out as metal racks attached to a handle that were put in the fireplace to cook the waffle. Many had lovely designs including coats of arms or religious symbols on them. Believe it or not, they date to the 1300s in Belgium – no kidding! This is why you will hear the term Belgian waffles – this now refers to waffles that are as much as an inch thick and that have deep pockets.

Waffles came to America in the 1860s when Cornelius Swarthout took out a patent for a waffle iron that would be able to be used over a stove. The design kept the Belgian metal plates, but it added a hinge that let users turn the waffle over easily to cook the other side.

The classic electric ones we know and love today were developed in the 1910s by General Electric. People started asking for decorative lids, and today there are people who collect the beautiful throwbacks to another time.

You don’t have to butter the inside or even spray with cooking spray, and you don’t have to do any seasoning to get them ready to use, even though the pro models are made from cast iron.

What else can a waffle iron do?

You of course know and love the waffles they make, but have you ever thought about using them for sandwiches? They make a perfect panini press! You can also use a waffle iron for everything else you want for breakfast, like eggs. They cook nicely and evenly in a waffle iron. You can then turn them into a breakfast sandwich using waffles instead of English muffins.

How about cooking bacon? They make for an ideal bacon cooker. Bacon cooks perfectly on both sides and the fat flows into the pockets in the base, ready for you to just drain it out. You might also want to make French toast in your waffle iron. All that cinnamony-eggy goodness cooks perfectly while the interior stays fluffy and light.

Making shoes

Yes, you read that correctly. Shoes were once made in a waffle iron, or more exactly, the soles were. University of Oregon track coach Bill Bowerman famously used his wife’s good waffle iron to make a new rubber sole for his athletes to use on their shoes. The track team was a success, and the waffle sole design launched a legendary athletic shoe and apparel company – Nike.

Whether you want to start an international company or just have a complete breakfast, your waffle iron can do it all for you. You won’t look at that small appliance the same way again.

Top 5 Kitchen Design Tips!

When designing your new kitchen there are many considerations to take into account. In the hands of a bad designer, a perfectly good kitchen can be ruined instantly. So we’ve come up with a list of the top 5 tips when it comes to kitchen design.Kitchen Design Tips

Kitchen Design Tips: Must Consider

1. It’s all about the lighting in Kitchen Design

Of course one of the major considerations when designing anything is aesthetics. Things have to look aesthetic, clean, spacious and alluring. And to do this you don’t necessarily have to have expensive equipment or tacky wallpaper. More than anything, the secret to an aesthetic looking kitchen is the lighting. You will want to have roof embedded light bulbs, since classic fluorescent bulbs are now out of fashion, get 2 or 3 24 watt energy savers and these will be your major lighting source.

These should be bright enough so you can see everything clearly, not only does this result in a brighter looking better feeling kitchen but also it makes looking at what you’re doing much easier. The last thing you want is to cut your finger under dim lighting. Besides these main lights, we recommend you add some smaller warm light bulbs right over the stove and sitting area.

This gives the kitchen a very warm authentic and hearty look. It is not complete without this look.

2. Make your kitchen spacious with Kitchen Design.

Remember to spread your kitchen out over a larger area. This has so many benefits you wouldn’t believe, of course, we are talking about doing this in the design phase if you have already designed it then there is not much you can do to change a clamped up kitchen. We will get to quick fixes in another article.

When you spread the kitchen area you get more room to move around and work, this makes it much more comfortable and inviting. Imagine a tight kitchen stacked with dirty dishes, does that feel appealing to you? Is that a place you’d want to go? No right. Exactly.

Apart from this when you spread your workspace it’s easier to maintain and looks more expensive than it actually is. So remember to make your kitchen as spacious as possible.

3. Don’t clutter it with dishes.

This is a given if you want a good kitchen you have to keep it clean and well maintained. If you want to avoid that dreaded pile of dirty dishes then we suggest that you don’t even keep that many dishes, to begin with. Some people over do it with five sets of plates and 20 different cups.

This is really not necessary, store those away in a nice storage place and only keep those dishes that you need. And if you have any extra food lying around the counter top, put it in a fridge or use the well known vacuum sealer reviews to buy new one. Too many times do people just leave their bread and butter out after making toast.

To solve this you really have to develop better habits but it’s not easy once you commit yourself. And trust me this will reflect positively on all other areas of your life.

4. Buy good appliances which matches Kitchen Design.

So often we find that people have amazing kitchen design, only to have a dinky old fridge… This is not good for the overall look of a kitchen.

Now this doesn’t mean you have to spend a lot of money, it just means be wary of how appliances will match with each other when someone sees them. You’ve all seen the designer kitchens in magazines, do you ever see one with a black fridge white toaster and red microwave? NO. It’s all color matched.

This simple fix can do wonders for your kitchen’s aesthetic appeal.

5. Be different while choosing Kitchen Design.

Remember that personality and spirit always strike people more than impressiveness. So don’t be afraid to add your own twist to your kitchen, you might want to add a little cherry tomato pot in the window, or you might want to paint the walls lime green, this is not off limits.

It can be refreshing and even inspiring to create in this way. Dare to be unique and different, think of the designs you see in magazines each kitchen setting has a certain feel and aura, this was intended by the designers, do the same, but add your own unique twist.

With these tips, your kitchen is sure to keep you and your family happy and to make every onlooker look on with awe! 😉 if you have any suggestions of your own leave them in the comments we would love to hear from you.

White Tuna Soup – The Ultimate Recipe

White Tuna Soup is one of the best soup dishes I know of, convenient, tasty and of course healthy. What you need firstly:


  • 500 grams of Tuna (preferably line-caught skipjack tuna, as this is the tastiest and environmentally friendlY)
  • 2 full red onions
  • 2 carrots
  • 2 tomatoes
  • 1 tablespoons of cyan pepper
  • 2 tablespoons of desi ghee
  • 1 teaspoon of Oregano
  • lots of creativity 😉
  • 2 cups Campbell’s chicken stock
  • 1 cup coconut milk

How to Cook Tuna Soup

Now the process for this is pretty simple! First of all, you fund a nice deep saucepan if you have non-stick that is preferable as we don’t want the ingredients to stick to the wall, otherwise a normal one will do fine. Put the pan on a stove and set the fire to a medium heat, of if you have electric (up to full heat).white tune recipes

Now add the desi ghee, the reason we use this instead of any other oil such as olive oil is simple. Most oils when put under high heat DENATURE after a certain point, you can tell this when you start to notice the pan smoking, when this happens the health value of the oil drops drastically. So you might think olive oil is the healthy choice but stick with desi ghee.

Once the ghee has liquified add up the onions after slicing and dicing them to fairly small portions. Fry the onions with continuous stirring until they are lightly caramelized, you will know this when they get that beautiful golden brown color. Now it’s time to add the tuna. Remember to drain the tuna! You want no water in the tuna as you put it in the pan otherwise, it will mix with the hot oil and send it flying off in sparks creating a big oily mess on the stove.

We emphasise the importance of a clean kitchen so follow that! You can learn more about it. Let the tuna fry until it is also slightly browned, but not BURNED or overcooked. Now add in the carrots, you can chop them coarsely or fine, it’s up to you. Fry them until they are sightly softened and crispy.

It’s time to add the water, no we like to mix the water with chicken stock as it gives the soup a great tang, however you can also use fish stock or vegetable stock. Mix the 2 cups of chicken stock with 2 cups of water and add to the saucepan. You will notice everything to cool down, that’s fine, put the heat on low, place the lid on and let it boil for 25-30 minutes. Check every 5 minutes or so to see if the carrots have softened, using a knife to poke them all the way through.

After it is done boiling, lift the lid and add the Cayan pepper and oregano, this is the secret twist to our tuna soup, the mixture of spiciness and herbiness really gives it a kick. Mix the spices well into the broth by stirring for 5 or so minutes. To finish off, a little something extra we recommend is adding some coconut milk, or full cream milk (if you cant find coconut milk), 4 or 5 tablespoons will do, it also gives the soup a nice opaque colour.

And there, you’re done! This is a great recipe for the family and we recommend everyone to try it! It can serve up to 5 people using the portion sizes we used, but feel free to double or half it depending on your needs.

Are Slow Cookers Safe to Leave Unattended

Now granted this isn’t exactly a necessary addition to an organically minded kitchen, still it can be very useful. Slow Cookers basically are meant for hard meats like beef or camel, yes I said camel.

If you were to try and cook a sirloin steak on a pan you probably could, but when it comes to rump or rib or any of the harder meat parts then you’d find yourself waiting for hours before you got the inside part of it tender.

This is where a slow-cooker comes in, you typically have a large pot like structure except you can close it from the top to build that pressure. Basically like a pressure cooker pot mix, sort of, kind of. Here’s a picture:

Slow Cooker Information

Everything about Slow Cooker

So there it is. This is one made for the home but you can also get industrial slow cookers which are much larger and look more intimidating. If you leave your meat in this, along with some vegetables, and some chicken stock and leave it to cook for 40 minutes to an hour you will find it turn into the most wonderful smelling and tasting beef broth you have ever eaten.

How to use a Slow Cooker

This is all thanks to the fact that when you cook beef slowly in a slow cooker, as opposed to frying it, you let all the real flavour and juices come out properly. And the meat basically dissolves into the water like a fine gravy. If that description had your mouth watering you should definitely get a slow cooker. Unlike traditional pressure cookers, you don’t need to turn the heat too high to get this thing working. This is gonna save you from heavy gas bills.

Do slow cookers use a lot of electricity?

So which type of slow cooker should you buy? Well, definitely not the industrial slow cooker. Not only is it too large it simply won’t fit in most kitchens. We don’t need to mention it would literally drain the whole house’s electricity supply. What you want to go for is a large, home slow cooker. Emphasis on the large since most slow cookers are best used in things like soups and broths, it is best to have them large in size because that kind of things is usually made in large portions.

You want to buy it from a reputable brand, we suggest brands like West bend, Cuisine Art, and the one above in the picture is a crock pot. Get any color you want although black looks newer for longer since you can’t see the scratches and dirt marks easily on black.

Which slow cookers are lead-free

Once you have a slow cooker than what? So you finally bought one, now… USE IT! At first, it can seem a little daunting as most people don’t really use this device much. However, in parts of Asia, they are used constantly, to make rice to make soups. So be like Asians (unless you already are lol) and start to incorporate more meals in your diet routine that would be cooked in a slow cooker.

Healthy Vegetable Soup Recipes Slow Cookers

We suggest stews, broths, soups, boiled rice, not to mention all these things are actually REALLY healthy. Start to mix it up as well, a slow cooker is a great tool to use to experiment, you can add different vegetables and spice into the mix and see how the final product will turn out it is kind of like throwing ingredients in a hat shaking it and seeing what comes out. Just be careful you don’t create a Godzilla or something.

What are some health hazards to watch out for in slow cookers? There is a simple one, don’t touch it on the outside when it’s cooking. These things are made of metal more often than not, if the inside is hot chances are so is the outside. Always use the handles on the side. Do not place them on the edge of the counter. You can imagine what would happen if it tipped over. Yes, not pretty.

Always keep an eye on it and make sure you don’t forget about it, since it is a SLOW cooker many people are likely to just go do something else while it cooks, and in that time it will have burnt your food. This is bad for the food, AND the device as well. We hope this article has been helpful to you in learning about and buying a slow cooker!

Tips for Making Kitchen Aesthetic and Useful

Assuming your kitchen has its basics covered, that is you have all the appliances, you have all the ingredients and all the cooking skills. Then you can start to focus on how you want it to look! Aesthetics plays a huge role in our lives especially in the 21st century.

People personalize everything, from phone covers to desktop backgrounds. Doing this really tells us a lot about the person, like what their personality is and that they are individual people. So if you haven’t already added a personal flare to your kitchen we suggest you get to it.

Tips for Kitchen Aesthetics

Where to begin for Kitchen Aesthetic?

One of the elements of aesthetics is shapes! That’s right one of the first things you can do to stand our from the crowd is to get rectangular eating plates. These are usually harder to find but boy does they make your food look good. They could make a sandwich look like fine french cuisine. You can also look for plates and dinner sets with different prints and variations in design that would suit your personality more.

What you can do to spice it up a little is add occasional items from another color. For example in the kitchen described above, you may want to add a red electric can opener, it’s subtle, but it will definitely create a contrast that will enhance the over all aesthetic appeal.

Following shapes is, of course, the next major element of aesthetics, and that is none other than color! yes, color combinations can make or break the look of your kitchen. Don’t confuse this with meaning colorful we certainly don’t condone a kitchen look like something out of a Dr. Seuss book, au contraire, we suggest you pick a palate of color that will inspire both you and other visitors with one of a multiple of feelings.

Black for prestige, red for hunger, white for cleanliness. You can combine them or simply vary their shades. For example a grey counter top, combined with a black stove, and a white dinner set. This is all in the same scale of grey/black, which means the kitchen will look coherent and well planned, in other words, professional. And at the same time the different colours will inspire a range of emotions in the visitor/diner.

So now that you have colour and shape, what else remains. Just one thing. And that is… arrangement. Yep. Did you know that you could make a living room feel like a cabinet if you don’t pay attention to how you orient your furniture and other belongings. You can also make a cabinet feel like a bedroom if you DO pay attention to how you orient things.

Arrangement is key, and it is good to be mindful of this. Make sure that you place any chairs in the kitchen nice and close to the counter top. And make sure that your appliances are lined up against the wall, because if they are out on the counter not only does it look clumsy and awkward, but it takes up your working space.

We hope these tips have been helpful to you. We will be bringing you more quality content in the future!